A certificate given to the bar or bat-mitzvah after the ceremony.
On the ritual ceremony:
Oppenheimer, Mark. Thirteen and a Day: The Bar and Bat Mitzvah Across America. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2005.
Hilton, Michael. Bar Mitzvah: A History. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society, 2014.
Hyman, Paula E., “The Introduction of Bat Mitzvah in Conservative Judaism in Postwar America.” YIVO Annual, 19, 1990, pp. 133-46.
Hyman, Paula E. and Carole B. Balin. “Bat Mitzvah: American Jewish Women.” Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. 2021.
Sabar, Shalom. “Tekes Bar-Ha’Mitzwa bemasoret ve be-omanut shel edot Yisrael [The Bar Mitzvah Ceremony in the Tradition and Art of Jewish Communities].” Rimonim, vol. 5, 1997, pp. 61-77.
Weinstein, Roni, and Shalom Sabar. “Bar Mitzvah [Bar Mitzvah].” Ma’agal Ha-hayyim (The Life Cycle), ed. Shalom Sabar, Jerusalem: Ben- Zvi Institute and the Ministry of Education, 2006, pp. 139-79.
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