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A skullcap traditionally worn as a reminder of the divine presence and at prayer times.


On Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur, a white skullcap and white clothes are often worn.


The various meanings of the kippah.


  • Hebrewכיפה
  • GermanKippa
  • RussianЕрмолка
  • FrenchCalotte
  • DutchKeppel
  • ItalianZucchetto
  • CzechKipa
  • HungarianKapedli
  • SpanishSolideo
  • GreekΣκουφάκι
  • PolishJarmułka
  • Arabicكيبا
  • Yiddishיאַרמולקע
  • LadinoChapeiko


Arnon, Dancho. Kova’im Ba-Rosh: Al Kisui Rosh be-Eretz Yisrael ve-Al ma she-Mitachtam [Headcoverings in Israel and What’s Beneath Them]. Tel Aviv: Am Oved, 1995.

Baizerman, Suzanne. “The Jewish Kippa Sruga and the Social Construction of Gender in Israel.” Dress and Gender: Making and Meaning, edited by in Ruth Barnes and Joanne B. Eicher, New York: Berg Publishers, 1992, pp. 92-105.

Juhasz, Esther. “Men’s Headcovering.” The Jewish Wardrobe: From the Collection of The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, 11 Mar. 2014 – 7 Mar. 2015, edited by Esther Juhasz, Milan: 5 Continents Editions, 2012, pp. 64-79.

Krauss, Samuel. “The Jewish Rite of Covering the Head.” Hebrew Union College Annual, vol. 19, Hebrew Union College – Jewish Institute of Religion, 1946, pp. 121-68. (Reprinted in Beauty in Holiness: Studies in Jewish Customs and Ceremonial Art, ed. Joseph Gutmann, New York: Ktav Publishing House, 1970, pp. 420-67).

Zimmer, Eric. “Men’s Headcovering: The Metamorphosis of this Practice.” Reverence, Righteousness, and Rahamanut: Essays in Memory of Rabbi Dr. Leo Jung, in Jacob J. Schacter, Northvale, NJ: Jacob Aaronson, 1992, pp. 325-52.

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