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A noisemaker used on Purim during the reading of the Book of Esther to drown out the sound of the name of the villain, Haman.


How to make your own noisemaker


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Brodt, Eliezer. “The Pros and Cons of Making Noise When Haman’s Name is Mentioned: A Historical Perspective (updated).” The Seforim Blog, 22 Mar. 2016.

Epstein, Shifra. Purim: The Face and the Mask: Fine Art, Folk Art, Megillot, Ceremonial Objects, Booksm Masks and Photographs. New York: Yeshiva University Museum, 1979, pp. 31, 74-5, nos. 152-81e.

Malul, Chen. “How does one drown out the name of the most hated, evil man in the Megillah? By making good use of a Christian folk tradition of course! », The Librarians, Blog of the National Library of Israel, 2020.

Reuter, Mimi. הכאת המן וביטוייה בתרבות החומרית בקהילות אשכנז באירופה ובתרבות היהודית המתחדשת בארץ : מסורת וחידוש [The Smiting of Haman in the Material Culture of Ashkenazi Communities: Developments in Europe and the Revitalized Jewish Culture in Israel – Tradition and Innovation]. Hebrew University of Jerusalem, PhD dissertation, 2004.

Sperber, Daniel. Keitzad Machim et Haman? [How to Strike Haman?]. Jerusalem: Bar-Ilan University, 2002.

Zvi Kalman, David. “The Strange and Violent History of the Ordinary Grogger.The Jewish Forward – News that Matters to American News, 20 Mar 2016.

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